Statement on Intersex Day of Solidarity

1200px-Intersex_flag.svg.png

November 8th marks Intersex Day of Solidarity. The Asia Pacific Transgender Network wants to recognise the monumental work being done by individuals, organisations, and activists around the world to ensure the bodily integrity, autonomy, and dignity of intersex people.

Intersex people face persecution, forced and coerced surgeries and other medical interventions, and maltreatment because of variations in their sex characteristics. The medical interventions, often coerced or forced onto intersex people at a young age without their consent, are abhorrent violations of human rights and have been classified as torture.

APTN specifically wishes to acknowledge that intersex issues are not trans issues: while some struggles are similar, intersex people face a variety of obstacles, violations, and forms of violence that are unique to this population. At trans people, we understand all too well how damaging it can be to have one’s issues merged with those of other identities, and we stand strong in our commitment to support the work of intersex activists, organisations, and movements in their pursuit both of the rights of intersex people and of a robust and self-reliant intersex movement.

 

For more information and to learn about intersex people and their issues, visit Intersex for allies

Recently released is the update to The State of Intersex Organizing (2nd Edition) | Report 2017 by GATE

From the Asia-Pacific region, OII-Chinese (site in Chinese)

Joint Statement: Demanding dignity for trans people in Pakistan

On October 13, 2017 in Islamabad, as described in a recent article by Uzma Yaqoob from Forum for Dignity Initiative (FDI), Julie was traveling to attend a work meeting in Islamabad where she was denied entry to a public space and harassed by police officers due to her gender identity as a trans woman. The verbal harassment by the police included misgendering, threatening to fine, and verbally assaulting with derogatory comments and insinuations. Once at the meeting venue, the Serena Hotel, Julie was again humiliated by the hotel security staff. This indicates an immediate need not only for government-based training but also private sector investment in the sensitivity and accountability of their staff to their corporate commitments to equality and diversity. In this piece, Yaqoob exposes the extreme stigmatisation and harassment that trans people face in Pakistan. The Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN) and FDI condemn these actions. We demand the full recognition and protection of trans people in Pakistan.

This situation highlights the discriminatory and abusive behaviour that many trans people endure at the hands of law enforcement and greater society. The conduct of the police to prohibit Julie’s entrance into the venue and the derogatory comments made because of her gender identity violate her human rights to life, liberty and security of the person and to freedom from inhuman or degrading treatment. This incident, while deeply concerning, is not isolated - trans people in Pakistan are regularly subjected to discrimination, harassment, and other abusive behavior.

As Yaqoob notes, Pakistan has legislatively taken many actions to contribute to the rights of the trans population. However, the lack of clear policies, enforcement, and training to effectively carry out the updated legislation has resulted in limited change for the improvement of treatment of trans people. Joe Wong of APTN responded to Julie’s treatment saying, “No person deserves to be mistreated by government officials and law enforcers; it is the role of the state to actively protect the rights of their citizens.”

APTN stands with FDI to call for specific action from the Pakistani government to improve the treatment of trans people and ensure that occurrences such as the one above do not continue. We call for trans competency training for all government and public officials, including law enforcement officers, across Pakistan.

Asia Pacific Transgender Network and Forum for Dignity Initiative are committed to protecting and serving trans communities in Pakistan. The organisations actively address the incidents of intolerance and discrimination experienced by trans communities and work to establish systems in which trans people have full human rights and dignity.

 

Find out more information about the work done by FDI at www.fdipakistan.org or on their facebook at https://www.facebook.com/ForumForDignityInitiativesFdi/messages/?threadid=100022653502763&timestamp=1509458593903  Follow Uzma Yaqoob on Twitter @uzmafdi for updates.

 

Marli Gutierrez-Patterson

Communications Officer

Asia Pacific Transgender Network

www.weareaptn.org

तेस्रोलिङ्गी हुनु कुनै रोग होइन (Being Trans is Not a Disease)

Screen Shot 2017-10-21 at 3.13.14 PM.png

Written by: Manisha Dhakal and Rukshana Newa of Blue Diamond Society, Nepal

ट्रान्सजेण्डर हुनु कुनै रोग होइन

समकालीन प्राविधिक र वैज्ञानिक दस्तावेजमा धेरै प्रमाणित हुन सकेपनि, ट्रान्सजेण्डर व्यक्तिहरूलाई चिकित्साकरण गरेका घटनाहरू इतिहासमा उल्लेखित छ। तैपनि ट्रान्सजेण्डर व्यक्तिहरू इतिहासको मानव उत्पत्ति सँगै रह्ँदै आएको सत्य नकार्न सकिँदैन। अझै पनि हाम्रो समाजमा धेरैले यसलाई मानसिक रोग वा बिमारीको रूपमा लिएपनि, यो रोग रहेको कुनै प्रमाण नभएका कारण, विगत केही दशकहरू देखि समलैङ्गिकता जस्तै विश्वका चिकित्सा संस्थानहरूले यसलाई रोगको दायरामा राख्न छोडिसकेका छन्। तर पनि अझै लाञ्छना कायमै छ किनभने विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठनको रोगहरूका अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय वर्गिकरण (ICD) मा भने ट्रान्सजेण्डर हुनुलाई मानसिक रोगको निदानका रूपमै सुचिकृत गरिएको छ। इतिहासका कालखण्ड हेर्ने हो भने पनि आदिवासी अमेरकी संस्कृति देखि आदिवासी अष्ट्रेली संस्कार बाट प्राचिन भारतीय समाजमा पनि लैङ्गिक विविधतालाई सामान्य रूपमै लिएको पाइन्छ। यसै गरी नेपालको सन्दर्भमा पनि विभिन्न प्राचित दन्त्यकथा लगायतका मिथ्याहरूमा समेत यसबारे उल्लेख छ।

ट्रान्सजेण्डरहरूमा मानसिक तनाव हुनुको कारण उनीहरू ट्रान्सजेण्डर भएका कारण नभैकन उनीहरूलाई समाजले गर्ने लाञ्छना, विभेद र हिंसाका कारण हो। यस्तो हुनुलाई कुनै मानसिक रोगका रूपमा लिएमा उनीहरूले आफन्त र परिवारबाट पाउनु पर्ने माया प्रेम भन्दा पनि अवैज्ञानिक चिकित्सा सुहार लिन बाध्य हुन्छ जसले उनीहरू माथि थप पीडा र हिंसा सृजना गर्नेछ। यसलाई रोग मान्नुको लाञ्छनाका कारण उनीहरूको मनो-सामाजिक स्वास्थ्यमा मात्र नभएर देशको कानुन, मानव अधिकार हनन जस्ता थुपै समस्याहरू निम्त्याउने गरेको छ। यसलाई रोग भनेर वर्गिकरण गरिदिँदा यसले एउटा थप हिंसा र दुर्व्यवहार हुने द्वार खोलिदिएको हुन्छ। यसले गर्दा वैज्ञानिक रूपमा प्रमाण नभएका विधिहरू प्रयोग गरी, चिकित्साहरूले उपचार हुन सक्छ भन्ने भ्रममा पारेर पैसा ठग्ने लगायत नीजलाई थप तनाव दिने वातावरण सृजना गर्छ। यो त समाजमा रहेका नकरात्मक सोच विचार, स्टेरियोटाइपहरू हटाउन देखि लिएर उसको मौलिक मानव अधिकारको पनि हनन गर्छ।

नेपालमा भन्नु पर्दा यसलाई रोग सरह हेरेर धेरै घटनाहरू दस्तावेजिकरण त भएको छैन। एक चोटी पूर्व नेपालमा एक ट्रान्सजेण्डर महिलालाई आफ्नो घर परिवारले रोग भने धामी झाँक्री देखाउने क्रियाकलाप गरेका थिए। अन्ततः केही सीप नचलेर नील हिरा समाजको सम्पर्कमा आइसके पछि उनको र उनको परिवारलाई परामर्श दिइएको थियो। अझै पनि धेरै ट्रान्सजेण्डर साथीहरूले आफू खुलेर आउने क्रममा आफूलाई मनोचिकित्सा परामर्श वा उपचारको आवश्यका रहेको भनेर लाञ्छना लगाउनेहरू भने धेरै नै छन। कतिपयहरूलाई त अस्पताल लगेर मानोरोग सम्बन्धीको चिकित्सालाई जाँच गर्न लगेको कुरा पनि आउँछ। धेरैजसो यस्तो खण्डमा चिकित्सा आफैले यो कुनै रोग नरहेको र नीजलाई नील हिरा समाजको सम्पर्कमा जान सल्लाह पनि दिएको पाइन्छ। तर रोग नै हो भनेर अन्य देशमा सरह झुटको व्यापार गेरको मामिला भने देखिँदैन। विश्वका विभिन्न देशहरूमा कट्टरपन्थी समुदायले मृत्युदण्ड देखि थेरापी भन्दै धेरैमा भ्रमको खेती गरेको पाइन्छ। त्यसमा कट्टरपन्थी धर्म गुरु लगायत अज्ञानी चिकित्साहरूले यस्तो भ्रमको खेती गर्दै ट्रान्सजेण्डरहरूलाई अझै समस्यामा पारेको पाइन्छ, जबकी त्यो जति गरेनि केही हुने वाला छैन। यस्ता कृयाकलापले अझै नीजहरूमा मनोवैज्ञानिक दबाब र समस्याहरू उत्पन्न गर्दछ। यही रोग भन्ने गलत मान्यताका कारण ट्रान्सजेण्डरहरूले समाजमा दुर्वाच्य लगायत दुर्व्यवहारात्मक अवस्थाहरू, देखि औपचारिक कागजातमा इच्छ्याएको लैङ्गिक पहिचान नपाउने पनि हुन्छ र यसले ट्रान्सजेण्डरहरूलाई झन सिमान्कृत र बहिष्करणमा पार्छ।

हामी यस्तो समाजमा हुर्केकाछौँ जहाँ दशकौँ र शताब्दी देखि दुइ वटा लिङ्गको एकदम कट्टर परिभाषा लगाइएको छ, जसका कारण आफूले ऐतिहासिक कालखण्ड देखि ट्रान्सजेण्डरहरूसँग बस्दै आएपनि, यसको अस्तित्व बारे भनक भएपनि नकार्ने गरेको पाइन्छ। समस्या ट्रान्सजेण्डरमा होइन, नीज त्यसरी नै जन्मेका हुन; तर समस्या समाजमा हो जो यसबारे अज्ञान छ। तसर्थ ट्रान्सजेण्डर हुनुलाई कुनै रोग मानी वर्गिकृत गर्नु र व्यवहार गर्न बन्द गर्नुपर्छ।

 

ब्याग्जाः(transgender) जुइगु छता ल्वय्‌‌ मखु

झीगु समाजय्‌‌ व मिपुचलय्‌‌ ब्याग्जाः धैपिं न्हापां निसें दुपिं मनूत खः। अयेनं ब्याग्जाः जुइगु छता ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः झीगु समाजं स्वः। समाजं उगु कथं स्वःसां दांगदर ब्वनातःपिन्सं धाःसा थुकेयातः छुं ल्वय्‌‌ मखु धकाः धयाच्वङ्गु दु। थथे जूसां तबि नं हलिं उसाँय्‌‌ गुथिया देसंदे ल्वय्‌‌ धलखय्‌‌ धाःसा अझं नं ब्याग्जाः जुइगु ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः दुथ्याः। इहिहासया थिथि इलय्‌‌ स्वल धाःसा आदिवासी अमेरिकामि, आदिवासी अस्त्रेलियामि निसें न्हापा न्हापाया भारतय्‌‌ नं ब्याग्जाःयातः थाय्‌‌ बियातःगु दुथ्याकातःगु तजिलजि यक्व दु। थुगु कथं हे नेपालय्‌‌ नं ब्याग्जाः बारे थिथि बाखं, मिथ्यात मदुगु मखु।

समाजय्‌‌ जुइगु हिंसा, लान्छना व विभेदया हुनिं ब्याग्जाःपिन्तः छगू कथंया मानसिक तनाव दयाच्वनि। थुगु कथं थः ब्याग्जाः जुयाः बूगु जुयाः माचाछिं थःखलः पाखें दयेगु मतिना मखुसे अस्पतालय्‌‌ यङ्का कुनेगु अलय्‌‌ वासः याय्‌‌ ज्यू धकाः लाःलाःथे यायेगु नं जुयाच्वङ्गु दु। थुकें यानां ब्याग्जाःपिन्तः अझ अप्वः मानसिक तनाव दःवइ। ब्याग्जाः जुइगुयातः ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः मानेयायेगु हुनिं इम्तः मानसिक कथं तनाव जक्क मखुसे देसया कानुन लिसें इमेगु मिवां(मानव अधिकार) नं हनन जुयाच्वङ्गु दु। थुकेयातः ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः धलखय्‌‌ तःगुलिं नं समाजय्‌‌ हिंसा व बांमलाःगु ब्यःरा यायेगु अप्वइगु खनेदु। थुकेया हुनिं छुं दसि हे मदुगु अवैज्ञानिक विधिं लाःलाःथे यानां थ्व लङ्के ज्यू धकाः भ्रमय्‌‌ तयाः ध्यबा थेगेयाःपिं नं मदुगु मखु। थुकें ला अझ समाजय् दूगु बांमलाःगु सोच बिचाः, स्टेरियोताइप चीकेगु निसें वया मौलिक मिवां(मानव अधिकार) नं हनन याइ।

नेपालय्‌‌ ला थथे ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः वासः यानाच्वङ्गु खँ उलि खनेमदु। छकः धाःसा छम्ह ब्याग्मयेजु(transwoman)यातः वया माचाछिं ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः धामी झाँक्री क्यं जुजुं छुं सीप मजुयाः नील हिरा समाजया स्वापुतिइ वल। अनं व व वया माचाछियातः ब्याग्जाः बारे परामर्स बीगु ज्या जुल। थुगु कथं थःयातः ब्याग्जाः खः धकाः समाजय्‌‌ खुलेजुयावय्‌‌ धुङ्काः यक्वया माचाछिइ थुइतः मानसिक अस्पतालय्‌‌ यङ्केमाःग्ग धयागु खँ पिकाइपिं धाःसा यक्व खनेदु। हाकनं अस्पतालय्‌‌ यङ्के धुङ्काः दांगदरपिन्सं हे थ्व ल्वय्‌‌ मखु नील हिरा समाजय्‌‌ स्वापू तयादिसँ धकाः धाइपिं नं यक्व दु। आः ताक्क व मखू मखू खँ ल्हाना थ्व लङ्के ज्यू धकाः बय्‌‌ बय्‌‌ यानां ध्यबा थगेयाइपिं दांगदर व तःच्वक्क नात्रिकुत्रि धर्म गुरुत नेपालय्‌‌ ला खनेमदुनि। हलिंया थिथि देसय्‌‌ तःच्वक्क नात्रिकुत्रि समुदायसं ला ब्याग्जाःपिन्तः स्यानां नं ब्यू। थुकें तःच्वक्क नात्रिकुत्रि धर्म गुरु लिसें थगेयाइपिं दांगदरतयेसं झन हे ब्याग्जाःपिन्तः थिथि समस्याया गालय्‌‌ क्वफालाच्वङ्गु दु। थ्व हे ल्वय्‌‌ खः धाइगु गलत धापूया हुनिं ब्याग्जाःपिं अझं नं समाजय्‌‌ क्वथ्याकाः च्वनेमाःगु अलय्‌‌ थिथि समस्या लिसें थाकुगु जिबन म्वानाच्वनेमाःगु खनेदु।

झी थज्याःगु समाजय्‌‌ बूपिं मनूत खः गू समाजय्‌‌ निथी जक्क जाः(gender) दु धकाः मचाबलय्‌‌ निसें स्यानांतइ, न्ह्यपुइ क्वघाकाःतइ। उगु हुनिं झीगु समाजय्‌‌ न्हापा निसें ब्याग्जाःत दु धैगु खँ न्यंगु खःसां स्यूगु खःसां थुकेयातः स्वीकारेमयाः। समस्या ब्याग्जाः जुयाः बुइगुली मखु, समस्या समाजय्‌‌ खः। अथे जुयाः ब्याग्जाः जुइगु यातः ल्वय्‌‌या धलखं लिकाय्‌‌माः व थुकेतः ल्वय्‌‌ धकाः धायेगु दिकेमाः।

 

Being trans is not a disease

The medicalization of trans-identity has been documented throughout history, although it is markedly more evident in the contemporary age of advancing technology and science. However, we cannot refuse the existence as well as documentation of transgender people since historic period. Although lot of people thinks that being transgender is a mental disease or an illness, In the last couple of decades, many medical institutions have moved away from the view that being transgender is the result of mental illness, as they previously did with homosexuality.

Still, stigma persists, and WHO's International Classification of Diseases (ICD), continue to categorize a transgender diagnosis as a diagnosis of mental disorder.

Being transgender had never been considered a disease in the historical period. If we look around the world, cultures accepting transgender people and gender diversity exist from Native American societies, to Australian aboriginals or ancient Indian cultures. Similarly in case of Nepal, the ancient mythology, folk stories, etc had mentioned transgender characters in many parts of the lives.

The distress in transgender people is not because “that they’re trans”, but the social rejection and violence that many transgender people experience appears to be the primary source of their mental distress, as opposed to what our society thinks.  An understanding of the various implementations of the medical/psychiatric monopoly as they are currently socially accepted and even promoted, as well as the effects of such control, is essential to a comprehension of trans-identity.  Viewing transgender people as having a mental illness might force them to get psychiatric care rather than the physical care they seek, or be used by governments to deny "decision-making authority to transgender people in matters ranging from changing legal documents to identity issues. Stigma associated with consideration of being trans as a mental disorder has contributed to the precarious legal status, human rights violations and barriers to appropriate care among transgender people. By categorizing trans-ness as a mental illness, it opens the door to further abuse and indignity - from the street walker who cracks about a trans being ill, and those who sell the fake news of healing. It is also an obstacle to overcoming negative attitudes, stereotypes, and the multiple barriers for the realization of trans people’ s fundamental human rights.

Nepal, does not have very much of documented cases with trans pathologisation. One case came up with a transgender woman from Eastern Nepal, who was taken to traditional witch doctor by their parents’ because she was trans. But at the end nothing worked and she came in contact to Blue Diamond Society, where she and her parents received counseling on transgender. Yet, many of Nepalese transgender do report their family or close ones asking for a medical consultation or actually trying to provide medical assistance to “heal” them, after they came out.  However, we can see the world context where transgender people have been subjected into various religious dogmatic treatments, healing therapies and sometimes even “corrective rape”. And the result is nothing, but very minority section of trans people forcefully considering that they can be healed, due to religious and cultural dogma to its full extent, and nowhere in medical science proves that being transgender is a disease and cured by these. Furthermore, on the basis of pathologizing classifications, trans people continue to be subjected to abusive, harmful and unethical forced treatments which included so-called ‘conversion’  or ‘reparative  therapies’  based on their sexual orientation or gender identity with particularly harmful effect on children and adolescents. Pathologizing classification of transgender is also used to justify abuses against transgender people which includes the continued stigmatization of transgender people and their relations, denying or placing abusive conditions for the official recognition of the gender identity of trans people, and contributes to the marginalization and exclusion of transgender people in various contexts.

We live in a society, where for many decades and centuries have had a rigid connotation of binary gender and cisnormative sex norms, due to which we are unable and ignorant to see the diversity of gender. Problem is not in trans people that they are born the way, but problem is in the Nepalese society, that has since its origin living with transgender people, hearing about their existence, but turn out blind eye with ignorant rant of words to them. Therefore, it is imperative that the medicalized control over transgenders’ bodies and psyches must come to an end.

 

Please feel free to share your story or any comments about how pathologisation has impacted your life or the lives of those you love at hello@weareaptn.org.

Show your support for depathologisation by adding a special profile to your profile that says 'Being trans is not a disease' in different languages below!

Bahasa malay:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1973394936282575/

Chinese:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/757932371058665/

English:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/374483992985581/

Mongolian: http://www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/661702180704105/

Nepali:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/767590923424317/

Teta:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1460920637330818/

English:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1926796440680582/

Dignified Identity

Screen Shot 2017-10-21 at 2.36.18 PM.png

Written by: Aisha Mughal

Organization: Wajood, Pakistan

I was in my teenage when I heard my aunt, who is a gynecologist, telling us that her boss (owner of the hospital where she worked) had performed a sex change surgery on a 24 years old woman and changed her into a man.  This news generated a ray of hope in me and after few months I developed the courage to go and see that doctor. When I visited him, I eagerly asked him how did you do that sex change surgery and my curious eyes made him sense where I was going. He responded by saying that it was a very simple surgery, that person was not a complete woman and some of her body parts were not visible which he operated on and got them corrected. He further clarified it was a corrective surgery rather than sex change surgery. I told him that I wanted him to do my surgery and make me a girl (as that time I was too young to realize that I was a girl even without body modification). Surprised at my confidence, he did my medical evaluation by looking at my genitals and said that I am perfectly a normal boy and did not need any operation. He went on to say that I am going through some mental issue and need to see a psychiatrist. I was too young to have a debate with him but I was very determined to have my sex change done. I agreed to see the recommended psychiatrist but this very incident of being labeled as mentally ill by such a renowned doctor and surgeon of the city was extremely unnerving for me.    

I went to see that psychiatrist and after that I saw several other psychiatrists and was labeled mentally ill by all of them. Few of them also referred me to religious scholars for the spiritual healing, I was being treated as if I am a sinner and needed spiritual and mental uplift. I still recall those days, when I was supposed to enjoy and celebrate my adolescence but instead I was found waiting in the corridors of hospitals, clinics and religious centers.    

But today when I look back, I realize how important it is to educate the medical fraternity and psychologists so that they can understand the turmoil which a transgender individual goes through. Doctors are seen as someone we all look upto but when we are attacked my these highly respected professionals, it further damages our self esteem, self image and throws us into the darkness of self stigma and guilt. I worked really hard to gather the researches and studied the medical protocols, gender, sexuality and religion myself, only then I was able to come out of self stigma and accept my true self with dignity and pride. Had I not been well educated and well read, I would not have been able to overcome this pressure of being labeled  as “mentally ill”. Today, it is my mission rather dream to see the depathologization done so that my community and my people should celebrate their true selves with respect and honor.

  

Aisha Mughal

Aishais a transgender woman, an activist, a qualified researcher, trainer and one of the co-founders of Wajood. Aisha has the honor of becoming Pakistan’s first Transgender university teacher and she has successfully broken the negative stereotypes about transgender community in Pakistan. She has done the first ever Mphil Thesis on the disclosure decision of transgender employees at workplace in Pakistan and have several other academic publications. Recently her research paper on transgender individuals has people has been published by Tailor and Francis in Journal of homosexuality (impact factor publication). Aisha is a certified trainer by IRGT- MSMGF and successfully completed her training in Bangkok, Thailand this year.

Aisha is currently appointed by National Commission for Human Rights (NCHR) Pakistan as the focal person for transgender community. She is also a member of National Task Force on Transgender and is actively working on transgender rights bill and lobbying with the government along with her Wajood team and other activists. She also represented the transgender community in the upper house of the parliament and is actively following up on the legislative developments. She has also conducted sensitization sessions with mental health professionals at the institute of psychiatry, Benazir Bhotto hospital Rawalpindi and is a strong advocate for the depathologization of transgender identity.

She and her organization Wajood (Community based and trans-led) have been working for trans health and rights in Pakistan and have achieved several milestones.

 

Please feel free to share your story or any comments about how pathologisation has impacted your life or the lives of those you love at hello@weareaptn.org.

Show your support for depathologisation by adding a special profile to your profile that says 'Being trans is not a disease' in different languages below!

Bahasa malay:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1973394936282575/

Chinese:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/757932371058665/

English:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/374483992985581/

Mongolian: http://www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/661702180704105/

Nepali:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/767590923424317/

Teta:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1460920637330818/

English:  www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1926796440680582/

การเป็นคนข้ามเพศนั้นเป็นสิทธิและเสรีภาพในการกำหนดเจตจำนงในวิถีชีวิตทางเพศของมนุษย์ ดังนั้น ไม่ควรระบุว่าการข้ามเพศเป็นภาวะความเจ็บป่วยทางจิต เพียงเพราะเขาต้องการเป็นตนเอง (Being Trans is a Right)

Screen Shot 2017-10-21 at 12.23.19 PM.png

“การเป็นคนข้ามเพศนั้นเป็นสิทธิและเสรีภาพในการกำหนดเจตจำนงในวิถีชีวิตทางเพศของมนุษย์

ดังนั้น ไม่ควรระบุว่าการข้ามเพศเป็นภาวะความเจ็บป่วยทางจิต เพียงเพราะเขาต้องการเป็นตนเอง”

ในสังคมไทยคนข้ามเพศจะเผชิญความรุนแรงการตีตราและเลือกปฏิบัติร้อยละ 38.4 โดยสถาบันที่กระทำความรุนแรงมากที่สุด คือ ครอบครัว รองลงมา คือ สถาบันการศึกษา และสถานที่ทำงาน โดยรูปแบบความรุนแรงที่พบมาก คือ ความรุนแรงทางด้านจิตใจ ผ่านคำพูด การเสียดสี ด่า ท่อ อันเนื่องมาจากความแตกต่างทางเพศสภาพ รองลงมาคือการคุกคามและล่วงละเมิดทางเพศ (Ronnapoom samakkeekarom, 2013)

เมื่อครอบครัวเริ่มสงสัยหรือรู้ว่าลูกหลานตนเองเป็นคนข้ามเพศ สิ่งที่พ่อแม่และผู้ปกครองทำ คือ พยายามบังคับ บำบัดรักษาให้ลูกหลานตนเองกลับเป็นเพศโดยกำเนิดตามบรรทัดฐานของสังคม ผ่านวิธีการต่างๆ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นความเชื่อทางศาสนา เช่น การแก้กรรม การบวช เป็นต้น โดยเฉพาะในสังคมเมืองที่มักเลือกใช้วิธีการทางวิทยาศาสตร์ผ่านองค์ความรู้ทางการแพทย์ (แนวปฏิบัติสำหรับครอบครัวที่มีลูกหลานเป็นกะเทย, 2015) เฉกเช่นเดียวกับครอบครัวของดิฉันและอีกหลายครอบครัว ที่ครอบครัวพาไปโรงพยาบาลจิตเวช แต่ต้องยอมรับว่าไม่ใช่แพทย์ทุกคนจะเข้าใจถึงวิถีชีวิตทางเพศสภาพของคนข้ามเพศ เพราะแพทย์เองก็ถูกบอกและสอนมาจากองค์ความรู้ที่มีอคติที่บอกว่าคนข้ามเพศเป็นการเบี่ยงเบน เป็นความผิดปกติในการรับรู้เพศของตน ทำให้การวินิจัยและการรักษาไม่ได้เคารพถึงความละเอียดอ่อนทางเพศสภาพและสร้างความเครียดและกดดันให้คนข้ามเพศ

เพียงเพราะความความรักแต่ปราศจากความรู้และความเข้าใจเรื่องสิทธิทางเพศและเพศสภาพ ทำให้คนข้ามเพศเผชิญต่อความเครียดและกดดันจากการเข้าสู่กระบวนการทางการแพทย์ ดังนั้น เนื่องในวัน The International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization เราอยากจะบอกให้คุณหมอ คุณพ่อ คุณแม่ และผู้ปกครองได้เข้าใจว่า บนโลกใบนี้ไม่ได้มีแต่เพศชายและเพศหญิง หากแต่ดำรงอยู่บนความแตกต่างหลากหลายของมนุษยชาติ และการที่เราดำเนินชีวิตที่แตกต่างจากบรรทัดฐานเรื่องเพศของสังคมนั้นจึงไม่ใช่ความผิดปกติทางจิต เราควรเรียนรู้และยกรับเรื่องนี้ให้เกิดเข้าใจและเคารพซึ่งกันและกัน โดยปราศจากอคติทางเพศ อันจะทำให้สังคมน่าอยู่มากยิ่งขึ้นสำหรับทุกคน

 The terminology of sexual diversity in family project, 2013, Ronnapoom samakkeekarom, Foundation for SOGI Rights and    justice (FOR-SOGI)

แนวปฏิบัติสำหรับครอบครัวที่มีลูกหลานเป็นกะเทย, 2015, The foundation of transgender alliance for human rights

 

Being Trans is a Right: The right to self-determination and freedom of expression

We do not think that being trans is a disease

 Written by: Note Jetsada Taesombat, The foundation of transgender alliance for human rights

Among Thai trans people, 38.4% have experienced violence and discrimination with most of this happening at the home, second most prevalent in school, and lastly in the workplace. Most of the violence is verbal harassment with sexual harassment being second most prevalent (Ronnapoom samakkeekarom, 2013).

When family know that their kids are trans they first try to force them into conversion therapies, they aren’t comfortable for many reasons, religion is one of those. Some families send trans people to be a novice monk because they see being trans as and impact of bad karma. But it’s not only religion, middle class families take trans people to mental hospitals or asylums which have a very negative social perception in Thailand. Going to one means that you’re mad or crazy.

Medical doctors don’t understand trans people, trans identities or trans rights. Medical schools misteach this information using old sexual development theories such as Sigmund and Freud which creates bias among doctors. So a diagnosis has a negative impact on two levels: in Buddhism trans people are seen as second class citizens and then a doctor also tells a trans person that they are disordered. It makes trans people feel bad and it makes it hard to be part of yourself, causing depression and discomfort.

The International Day to Stop Trans Pathologisation is a good day because we can speak to let doctors, our parents, and teachers know that there is not just male and female, there is gender diversity. We need to respect all people and respective it isn’t just about race, gender, political feelings, or ability. It’s about creating goodwill in society.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The terminology of sexual diversity in family project, 2013, Ronnapoom samakkeekarom, Foundation for SOGI Rights and    justice (FOR-SOGI)

 

Please feel free to share your story or any comments about how pathologisation has impacted your life or the life of ones you love at hello@weareaptn.org.

Show your support for depathologisation by adding a special filter to your Facebook profile that says ‘Being trans Is not a disease” in different languages below!

Bahasa malay: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1973394936282575/

Chinese: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/757932371058665/

English: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/374483992985581/

Mongolian: http://www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/661702180704105/

Nepali: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/767590923424317/

Tetu: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1460920637330818/

Thai: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1926796440680582/



 

Statement on the International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization 2017

Copy of DEPATH_ Website Graphic.png

21/10/17 

The signatories of this Statement are activists representing different trans regional networks and international initiatives. This year, the International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization has a particular relevance for all our communities around the world: the largely due process of revision and reform of the tenth version of International Classification of Diseases will be completed next year. We expect the World Health Assembly to pass a new ICD (called ICD-11) in June 2018. During the upcoming months all of us will be working together to accomplish trans depathologization while ensuring full access to healthcare and its coverage. The technical and political process around ICD-11 still poses serious challenges, including the continuing pathologization of gender diversity in childhood, the lack of transparent and official information and the exclusion of trans people from decision-making processes. However, this particular edition of the International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization requires to expand the focus of our shared statement to reflect on extremely concerning developments.

In spite of some key advances in legal gender recognition, access to trans specific healthcare is still conditioned by pathologizing requirements in most countries where available. It is necessary to remember, today more than ever, the intrinsic connection between trans depathologization and the right of taking autonomous decisions about our own bodies. That connection is not only denied by the persistence of pathologization as a requirement for accessing hormones, surgeries and other gender affirming procedures, but also by socioeconomic injustice.

Worldwide, trans people face increasing barriers in accessing transitional healthcare, due to the deadly combination of massive impoverishment, shrinking public health systems, privatization of healthcare and institutional stigma, discrimination and violence. Asylum seekers, refugees and migrants are severely impacted in different regions. Budget cuts are affecting trans people ́s access to other treatments, including those for HIV, Hepatitis C, tuberculosis and removal of industrial silicone. In this political context, many trans people are forced to join the military to secure, to be diagnosed as mentally or physically disordered, or to renounce their sexual and reproductive rights just to have access to healthcare. Governments and media contribute to create and reproduce the idea of trans people’s health needs as burdensome, unfair when compared with other health issues (i.e., cancer) and privileged, aggravating cissexism and transphobia.

Trans exclusionary dynamics are being deeply worsened by other associated human rights violations, including the widespread revival of so called “conversion” and “reparative” therapies, the legal and religious persecution against LGTB people in different countries, and the constant reality of violence against trans and gender diverse people and the impunity of its perpetrators.

On this International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization, we call our communities and allies to come together for everyone ́s universal access to legal gender recognition, to healthcare and its coverage, to protection against all forms of stigma, discrimination and violence, and to adequate reparations. In this world, trans depathologization is not only about the psycho-medical classification of our lives, but about our very right to live.

In solidarity,

 

Mauro Cabral Grinspan, Executive Director Global Action for Trans Equality (GATE). Email: mcabral@transactivists.org

Amets Suess Schwend, Member of the coordination team STP, International Campaign Stop Trans Pathologization. Email: contact@stp2012.info

Richard Köhler, Senior Policy Officer. Transgender Europe (TGEU). Email: richard@tgeu.org

Cianán B. Russell, Human Rights & Advocacy Officer. Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN). Email: cianan.russell@weareaptn.org

Viviane Vergueiro Simakawa, Project Coordinator, Akahatá Equipo de Trabajo en Sexualidades y Géneros. Email: msvivianev@gmail.com

Zhan Chiam, Senior Programme Officer, Gender Identity and Gender Expression. International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA). Email:  zhan@ilga.org

Joshua Sehoole, Regional Manager. Iranti-Org, Email: joshua.iranti@gmail.com 

Read the Statement online here

Asia and the Pacific Voices: International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization

Screen Shot 2017-10-21 at 9.32.58 AM.png

The Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN) is proud to participate in this year’s International Day of Action for Trans Depathologization. The medicalisation and pathologisation of trans identities has far-reaching effects on the rights and lives of people all over the world. APTN is among many human rights advocates, local and international organisations, academics and health officials advocating for the depathologisation of trans identities. Through Asia and the Pacific, trans and gender nonconforming people are subject to discrimination, the reduction and elimination of rights and continued societal injustice due to the treatment of trans identities as disordered.

This year, APTN has worked closely with trans communities throughout Asia and Pacific to encourage regional dialogue on depathologisation. APTN partnered with trans organisations in Indonesia, Singapore, Timor Leste, and Malaysia to develop country workshops about the history of the International Classification of Diseases terminology and the impact of pathologisation on trans people’s access to transitional and primary health care.

For this year’s International Day of Action for Trans Depathologisation, we invited members from the trans community in various countries in Asia and the Pacific to share their experiences with how the pathologisation of trans identities has touched their lives and the lives of trans communities in their country. In most cases, we are sharing these stories in their local languages and in English to improve the depth and participation in this day of action and its vital efforts to promote trans human rights. The stories share today are from friends in Pakistan, Thailand, and Nepal that are working to organise and advocate for a society that upholds dignity, protection, and justice for trans communities.

Please feel free to share your story or any comments about how pathologisation has impacted your life or the life of ones you love at hello@weareaptn.org.

Show your support for depathologisation by adding a special filter to your Facebook profile that says ‘Being trans Is not a disease” in different languages below!

Bahasa malay: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1973394936282575/

Chinese: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/757932371058665/

English: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/374483992985581/

Mongolian: http://www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/661702180704105/

Nepali: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/767590923424317/

Tetu: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1460920637330818/

Thai: www.facebook.com/fbcameraeffects/tryit/1926796440680582/

Joint Statement on Trans Advocacy Week at the UN Human Rights Council 35th Session

Joint Statement on Trans Advocacy Week at the UN Human Rights Council 35th Session
 
Sixteen trans and gender diverse activists from fifteen countries across all regions of the world - including Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, North America, the Pacific, and the Caribbean - participated in the first Trans Advocacy Week at the 35th Session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. This historical event was a joint initiative organized by the Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN), Global Action for Trans Equality (GATE), the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), the Swedish Federation for LGBTQ Rights (RFSL), and Transgender Europe (TGEU). 
 
During the week of June 5 - 9, trans activists met for a full day strategic planning meeting; produced and delivered two oral statements commenting on the latest reports of the Special Rapporteur on Health, the Independent Expert of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (SOGI), and the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions; attended private meetings with Special Procedures and their staff; met with representatives from UNAIDS, the Global Fund, UNHCR, and with the Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights. They also attended a meeting between the Equal Rights Coalition and civil society organisations. Many of the activists also met with their Permanent Missions to the UN in Geneva as well as with other activists working regionally and internationally on human rights issues at the Council. 
 
Follow the links to watch the video of the statement of Manisha’s intervention on the right to mental health or to watch the video or read the statement of Ricky’s intervention on violence, discrimination, and legal gender recognition.  
 
A key highlight of the week was the groundbreaking panel on Transgender People, Mental Health and Human Rights. Professor Vitit Muntarbhorn, the Independent Expert on SOGI issues, and Dr. Dainius Pūras, the Special Rapporteur on Health, presented at the panel, accompanied by the presentations of Viviane Vergueiro and Mauro Cabral Grinspan, and the moderation of Julia Ehrt. After the panel presentations, other participants spoke from the floor. Video from the side event is available in two parts - Part 1 and Part 2.
 
The Trans Advocacy Week was planned after trans activists’ participation in the Public Consultation called by the UN Independent Expert on SOGI on January 2017. Some participants in the Trans Advocacy Week, such as Erika Castellanos (Belize) and Ricky Nathanson (Zimbabwe) had already been part of that process. For other participants, such as Viviane Vergueiro (Brasil), Lady Gaga (Papua New Guinea), Yaya Aye Myat (Myanmar) and Fritz von Klein (Ukraine), this was their first time ever at the UN. These participants left excited and committed to UN trans advocacy; Yaya explained her thoughts saying, “I am however pleased to be part of this Trans Advocacy Week and I would like something to happen in the future. Amongst the UN state members, if there is at least 2% of the ambassadors are transgender people then, I would die happily.  Am I dreaming too much?”
 
The organizers are already planning a second Trans Advocacy Week for June 2018 as well as additional engagements within UN spaces during the year. For Mauro Cabral Grinspan, GATE Executive Director, “this initiative shows what can be achieved by trans networks, organizations and networks working together, in spite of how scarce our resource are.” Micah Grzywnowicz, International Advocacy Advisor at RFSL noted, “Trans activists and trans issues have never been so visible at the Human Rights Council and UN spaces at large. This has been truly historic week and a start of a larger and sustained engagement with the UN.” 
 
Contact information:
 

Mauro Cabral Grinspan
Executive Director
GATE
mcabral@transactivists.org
 
Cianán B. Russell
Human Rights & Advocacy Officer
Asia Pacific Transgender Network
cianan.russell@weareaptn.org
 
Micah Grzywnowicz
International Advocacy Advisor
The Swedish Federation for LGBTQ Rights (RFSL)
micah.grzywnowicz@rfsl.se
 
Julia Ehrt
Executive Director
Transgender Europe
julia@tgeu.org
 
Zhan Chiam
Gender Identity and Gender Expression Senior Programme Officer
The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA)
 

Joint Statement on Trans Meeting with the United Nations Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Trans activists from 5 continents met with the newly-appointed UN Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (IE SOGI), Dr. Vitit Muntarbhorn, on 26 January 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland to bring special attention to the issues facing trans and gender diverse people and communities around the world. This was a historic meeting. It was the first discussion convened specifically by and for trans-led organisations in order to interact with UN Special Procedures. The IE SOGI mandate has experienced significant challenges since it was created by the Human Rights Council in June 2016, surviving three close votes in the UN General Assembly aiming at deferring it indefinitely.  

 “This meeting, the first of its kind focused only on trans issues and gender identity with a UN Special Procedure, is a vital step in the global movement for trans rights”, says Mauro Cabral, Executive Director of Global Action for Trans Equality.  Ricky Nathanson, from the Southern Africa Trans Forum adds, “We are encouraged by the Independent Expert’s engagement and look forward to continued interactions as he works to fulfill his mandate.”

The undersigned attended the meeting with the Independent Expert and are committed to continued support of the mandate to help ensure that Gender Identity is holistically addressed in the Expert’s work equally alongside Sexual Orientation. We encourage our partners, trans activists, and trans communities to continue to be vocal in contacting the UN IE SOGI - our voices count!

Signed by:
Mauro Cabral, Global Action for Trans Equality (GATE)
EriKa Castellanos, C-NET+, Collaborative Network of People Living with HIV
Zhan Chiam, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA)
Julia Ehrt, Transgender Europe (TGEU)
Micah Grzywnowicz, Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Rights (RFSL)
Aizhan Kadralieva, Labrys (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Organization) 
Ricky Nathanson, Southern Africa Trans Forum
Kemal Ordek, Red Umbrella Sexual Health and Human Rights Association (Kırmızı Şemsiye)
Cianán B. Russell, Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN)
Amets Suess, International Campaign Stop Trans Pathologization (STP)

LGBTIQ Regional Organizations from Asia Pacific Welcome the Decision of UNGA Plenary Meeting to Safeguard the Mandate of Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (SOGI)

On Monday, December 19th, a group of states attempted to halt the mandate of the Independent Expert on the “protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI). The position of Independent Expert in SOGI was created by the
passing of UN Human Rights Council resolution A/HRC/RES/32/2 in June of this year and is held by Vitit Muntarbhorn, a Thai human rights expert. The Independent Expert began his work in November. The first attempt to block this resolution was during the UNGA third committee meeting in November. The mandate of IE on SOGI was safeguarded with 84 countries voting in favour, 77 against and 17 abstentions. The vote on Monday will be the second hostile attempt to defer the mandate by introducing the amendment A/71/45.

We welcome the decision of the United Nations General Assembly.

Today’s defeat of the hostile amendment was remarkable and brought impact (84 voted against, 77 voted in favour and 16 abstentions on the proposed amendment A/71/45). The SOGI Independent Expert will continue with his work to document LGBTIQ human rights violations globally. With the increasing of threats and violence against LGBTIQ persons in many countries, the role of Independent Expert on SOGI becomes more important to bring these issues within then international level. The established mechanism will give assurance to LGBTIQ persons worldwide that we are fully entitled for protection under the international human rights law. We would convey our huge appreciation for the Asia Pacific countries who decided to stand with us and voted against the hostile amendment1. We, the undersigned below, are committed to support the mandate holder to end discrimination and violence as well as to achieve the enjoyment of
human rights for LGBTIQ persons.

 

Signed by:

Ryan Silverio, Regional Coordinator, ASEAN SOGIE Caucus (ASC)

Hiker Chiu, Co-Chair, ILGA ASIA

Abhina Aher, Chair Person, Regional Steering Committee, APTN

Joey Joleen Mataele, President, Pacific Sexual Diversity Network

Midnight Poonkasetwattana, Executive Director, APCOM

CALL TO ACTION: APTN Urges Partners to Rally Behind the Mandate of the UN Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Results of the 21 November UNGA vote

Results of the 21 November UNGA vote

On Monday, 19 December 2016, yet again there will be a vote at the UN General Assembly to challenge the Mandate of the Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (IE SOGI). This will be the third attempt of its kind since the Mandate was formalised.

The last vote, which took place on 21 November 2016, was very close, passing by only 7 votes. The voting record (84 in favour of protecting the mandate, 77 against, and 17 abstentions) included notable responses from countries in Asia and the Pacific, and this is where APTN and our partners must act.

This short, 2-minute video explains the situation simply:

Action to raise our voices in this vote is especially important because of the timing: many UN Representatives have already left for the holiday break or will leave very soon. With a vote scheduled on Monday morning, it is extremely important that all remaining UN Mission Representatives who support the Mandate participate in the vote.

From our region, this was the voting record. You can click through on this table to find the contact information for each of the UN Missions for these countries.

For the Mandate Against the Mandate Abstention or Did not vote
Australia Afghanistan Bhutan
Cambodia Bangladesh India
Fiji Brunei Darussalam Lao PDR
Japan China Micronesia (FS)
Kiribati DPR of Korea Myanmar
Mongolia Indonesia Nepal
New Zealand Malaysia Papua New Guinea
Republic of Korea Nauru Philippines
Samoa Pakistan Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka Singapore Tonga
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
Vietnam

We urge all of our partners, community members, and supporters: Please contact your UN Mission in New York and encourage their support of the Mandate.

  • Encourage those who did not vote before to vote in favour! 
  • Encourage those who voted against to abstain or vote in favour! 
  • Continue to encourage those who voted in our favour previously to stand with us and our rights! 

Make our voices heard!

Victory!: UN SOGI Independent Expert mandate will stand

LGBTI activists from Asia and the Pacific welcome the decision of the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) on the protection of the human rights of LGBTI people around the world, while reaffirming the legitimate mandates of the Human Rights Council. On 21 November, the UNGA rejected a move that aims to weaken the legitimately established Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (IESOGI). Resolution A/C.3/71/L.46 (2016) proposed to postpone the IESOGI mandate pending UN investigation into the lawfulness of the Expert. This would have effectively caused serious repercussions on the IESOGI to perform his role in protecting the rights of LGBTI persons and halted all efforts of the Expert indefinitely.

In a Joint Statement issued on 7 November 2016, the undersigned, ASEAN SOGIE Caucus (ASC), ILGA ASIA, the Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN), the Pacific Sexual Diversity Network (PSDN), and APCOM, voiced opposition to this resolution and encouraged our partners to contact their respective UN Missions - and with this help, the resolution was defeated. Success! The IESOGIE mandate will move forward, thanks in part to this work.

We encourage our partners to continue to be vocal in contacting their country UN Missions - our voices do count! 

Urgent Call to Action: Defend the Human Rights Council Resolution

The mandate of the new UN Special Rapporteur on SOGI is being challenged. All UN member states get a vote - so make sure your government hears from you! In opposition to the resolution challenging the Special Rapporteur, APTN has released a joint statement with our partners, ASEAN SOGIE Caucus, Pacific Sexual Diversity Network, ILGA Asia, and APCOM.


Joint Statement: Defend the Human Rights Council Resolution

On June 30th 2016 the United Nation Human Rights Council for the first time adopted the HRC resolution 32/2 on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, a remarkable milestone for LGBTIQ persons and communities around the world. The resolution was sponsored by Latin American states including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay. With 23 votes in favor, 18 against and 6 abstentions, the resolution also sought to appoint the first Independent Expert (IE) on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (SOGI) to address the violence and discrimination based on SOGI. During the 33rd session of the Human Rights Council in September 2016, Prof. Vitit Muntarbhorn professor of law at the Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand was appointed as the first IE on SOGIE, and should have commenced his work on 1 November 2016. 

This remarkable achievement, however, is currently under major threat. A group of African States at the UN General Assembly (UNGA) has tabled a draft resolution (A/C 3/70/L.66) to seek for the deferral of the HRC resolution 32/2 - indefinitely, in order to allow time for further consultations to determine the legal basis of the IE has been submitted by a group of States at the UN General Assembly in New York.  This would be harmful and derail anti-violence and non-discrimination efforts in relation to acknowledgement of human rights of LGBTIQ under international human rights law. Such a move would also be destructive to the institutional integrity of the Human Rights Council, and its relationship with the UN’s Third Committee, and undermine strength or legitimacy of the human rights system.

The vote on the propose draft will be on November 8th, 2016. In relation to this, we, LGBTIQ civil society urge all countries to vote against the drafted resolution. Let us show our solidarity by contacting your government’s foreign affairs ministry in your capital and their Ambassador in New York and urge them to:
●    Reject any attempt at undermining the mandate of the SOGI Independent Expert
●    Resist the language in resolution questioning the mandate and deferring consideration to the Council’s resolution
●    Defend and uphold the integrity and independence of the Human Rights Council and its decision

Spread this message, and let us show our solidarity!!

You can also sign the online petition to oppose this resolution.

Understanding the ICD: Its History, Organisation, and Engaging Asia and the Pacific in the Revision Process

In concert with the International Day of Action for Trans Depathologisation on 22 October 2016, the Asia Pacific Transgender Network has developed the following discussion paper on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) within the World Health Organisation in relation to transgender issues to help local trans activists in the region understand the classification system and prepare to engage the revision process for the ICD. The ICD is now in edition 10 (ICD-10) and edition 11 (ICD-11) is in preparation. This paper aims to answer the questions:

  1. What is the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and why is it important to trans people?
  2. What do I need to know about ICD?
  3. What steps should I take to get involved in the process?

Read our full discussion paper to learn more. If you're interested in further information or working with APTN in the ICD revision, please contact our Human Rights & Advocacy Officer, Cianán Russell, at cianan.russell@weareaptn.org

Other APTN products about ICD and transgender health issues:

“Nothing for Us Without Us”: Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN) Insists on Trans-Led Initiatives to Serve Trans Populations in the Asia Pacific Region

Research by Winter (2012) has speculated that 0.3 percent of the adult population in Asia and the Pacific may be trans. Using 2010 UN population data, he calculated that there may be between 9.0 and 9.5 million trans people in this region. Available data consistently show that trans women are disproportionately affected by HIV. They are more likely to be HIV positive than the general adult population. A 2013 meta-analysis of studies published globally between 2000 and 2011 shows that the pooled HIV prevalence rate for trans women is 19.1 percent, and they are 49 times more likely to acquire HIV than the general adult population (Baral et al., 2013).

Despite such vulnerability, trans data, resources and responses are subsumed and diluted under a broader MSM response.

There is a need to separate gay and MSM activities from transgender activities in this region. The continuation of this conflation ultimately reveals the gay and MSM communities’ insistence that transgender women are “really men”; we ask this to stop. We have recently reiterated these concepts with APCOM. As a result of outcomes from these communications, the Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN) is restructuring our relationship with APCOM and asking that our partners inform us if you are approached by APCOM on transgender issues.

APTN was launched in 2009 when 15 transgender activists from 10 Asia and Pacific countries came together to champion the health, legal and social rights of transgender peoples. In 2010 at the ICAAP Conference in Busan, South Korea, following a transgender caucus supported by APCOM, it was acknowledged and agreed that the focal point for all transgender related work and advocacy would be transitioned to APTN to lead. APTN acknowledges this history and the support APCOM has provided APTN to establish and to pursue its mandate in serving transgender peoples and communities in the Asia Pacific region.

APTN is the only leading transgender organisation in the Asia Pacific region. We have the expertise, specialism, data, publications and research to lead transgender-related work in the region. We have global support that APTN is the leading transgender entity in the Asia Pacific region. It is our goal to work, over the coming years, to disengage trans-focused work from gay and MSM organisations, centralising transgender advocacy in trans-led initiatives.

As transgender activists we intend to change the policy discourse and current perceptions of putting transgender people under the MSM umbrella; this conflation is confusing, tokenises trans people, and disrespects the identities of transgender people. We look forward to your continued support in our common goals to enable transgender women and men in the Asia and Pacific region to organise and advocate for the improvement of their health, protection of their legal, social and human rights, and enhancement of their social wellbeing and quality of life.

If you have comments or concerns on this issue, please contact the APTN Regional Steering Committee at RSC@weareAPTN.org

We demand dignity, respect, and our humanity: Opening Statement for the Trans Pre-Conference, IAC 2016

Joe Wong, APTN Programme Manager, delivered a powerful opening statement for the Trans Pre-Conference at the International AIDS Conference in Durban, SA, July 2016. 

Our movement must be an intersectional one, taking into account the expanse of identities we hold, challenges we face, needs we prioritize, and contexts in which we live. We must focus on what our people need and how they believe those needs should be met. We must center trans voices and promote trans-led initiatives. Today we have a full- day event, time to meet and work with one another, to learn from each other. But as we all know, we must do more. For every single trans person able to be here today, there are thousands upon thousands who are absent. And it is for these people that we must make demands.


Those demands again:
We demand comprehensive data collection.
We demand adequate funding.
We demand responsible gender identity laws.
We demand action to reduce gender-based violence.
We demand universal access to healthcare and gender affirming health services. We demand the right to work.
In sum, we demand dignity, respect, and our humanity.

The "Gender Incongruence of Childhood" diagnosis revisited: A statement from clinicians and researchers

This is an open letter to the World Health Organization (WHO), an agency of the United Nations, from researchers and clinicians working in trans health and rights regarding proposed revisions to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Version 11 (ICD-11) that relate to healthcare for trans adults and adolescents, as well as gender diverse (GD) children.

We commend WHO for proposed revisions that would move diagnostic categories related to gender transition processes (currently ICD-10’s “F64 Gender identity disorders”) from the chapter of Mental and Behavioural Disorders to a new chapter on Conditions Related to Sexual Health. We also welcome the proposal to eliminate “F65.1. Fetishistic transvestism” and “F66. Psychological and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientation” from the ICD-11 altogether. However, we are concerned about the proposed Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC) diagnosis and call on the WHO to reconsider its inclusion. Instead, we urge consideration of less stigmatizing proposals by the GATE Civil Society Expert Working Group and other global experts to facilitate access to psychological support for gender diverse children.

To add your name and voice to this letter, please fill out the form at the bottom. You will be able to view other signatories, after you sign. [Erratum 20150516. Should read, "You will be prompted to view other signatories after you submit your response, or follow the link in the signature section."] For questions about this open letter, please write Sam Winter <sjwinter@hku.hk>. For questions about this web form, contact Kelley Winters <kelley@wintersgap.net>.

For signing the letter please go to: www.gicrevisited.org

General comments on ICD proposals related to gender expression and identity

  1. We follow with interest the progress of the ICD revision process. We look forward to seeing the publication of ICD-11, which we are confident will remain, like ICD-10 (http://goo.gl/MlUnk8), the major diagnostic manual used worldwide.
     
  2. From the ICD-11 Beta Draft (http://goo.gl/tOhj9R) current at time of writing we note a number of revisions relevant to the provision of healthcare for transgender people, defined here as those individuals who identify in a gender other than the one that matches their sex assigned at birth.
     
  3. We support the proposal to abandon the diagnoses of fetishistic transvestism (F65.1) and all diagnoses in the block entitled disorders of sexual preference (Block F66). [Erratum 20150516. Should read, “Psychological and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientation (Block F66).”] We agree that these diagnoses are problematic, in that they have no clinical utility, serve no credible public health need, reinforce defamatory stereotypes, and are potentially harmful to the health and wellbeing of those diagnosed.
     
  4. We support the proposal to remove from the Mental and Behavioural Disorders chapter the diagnoses most commonly used to facilitate gender affirming healthcare for transgender people, and to locate them instead in a chapter called Conditions Related to Sexual Health.
  5. We believe the proposal for a new chapter placement is in line with contemporary clinical understanding, affirmed by professional associations such as WPATH (the World Professional Association for Transgender Health,http://goo.gl/89zAwa), that the gender identities of transgender people are not properly viewed as psychopathological. We note that the psychopathologising perspective does not match (and has in fact sometimes undermined) the provision of effective gender affirming healthcare approaches used in contemporary times to support transgender people who have healthcare needs. Indeed it has contributed to potentially harmful approaches aimed at modifying their gender identities. The WPATH Standards of Care Version 7 (http://goo.gl/rven2O) note that such approaches are unethical. We believe too that the psychopathologising perspective has needlessly increased the stigma faced by transgender people, undermining the right to legal gender recognition.
  6. We support the abandonment of the term gender identity disorder, currently used as an overarching name for the block of diagnoses (F64) most commonly used to facilitate gender affirming healthcare for transgender people. We see the proposed replacement term, gender incongruence, as an attempt to reduce the overly pathologising language inherent in the term gender identity disorder. We note however that the term gender incongruence is not universally supported within transgender communities. See recent press releases by STP (International Campaign Stop Trans Pathologization, http://goo.gl/0GRvA6), and GATE (Global Action for Trans* Equality, http://goo.gl/GHpzog), the latter in association with STP.
  7. We note that there are currently two proposed gender incongruence diagnoses, one for adolescents/ adults, and one for children under the age of puberty. We note with approval language in the descriptions of these diagnoses which avoids binary thinking, and is more inclusive of the diversity in people’s gender identities.
  8. We note that other aspects of the wording of the diagnostic descriptions have attracted criticism. However we focus in the following sections on the proposal for a gender incongruence of childhood (GIC) diagnosis.

Specific concerns about the proposed gender incongruence of childhood diagnosis

  1. First, we note with concern that, regardless of where in ICD-11 the proposed GIC diagnosis is placed, it pathologises the experiences of young children below the age of puberty who are either exploring their identity, or are incorporating their gender identity into a broader sense of who they are, becoming comfortable expressing that identity, and managing any adverse reactions from others. We note that in a number of cultures worldwide these experiences, which we call here gender diversity, would not be regarded as pathology.

  2. We also note that many children who express pronounced and unwavering convictions regarding gender identity, and who have supportive families, do not display any level of distress. Rather, distress occurs when the child feels that their genitals ought to dictate their identity and behaviour.

  3. We note too that, unlike transgender adolescents and adults, gender diverse children below the age of puberty have no need of somatic gender affirming healthcare. These children do not need puberty suppressants, masculinising or feminising hormones, surgery, or indeed medical intervention of any type. They simply need the opportunity and freedom to explore, incorporate and express their gender identity; they need the support and information that enables them to do these things, as well as manage any adverse reactions of others. In our opinion these developmental challenges do not warrant a diagnosis. Furthermore, a diagnosis wrongly signals to the child and their family that there is something wrong or improper with the child.

  4. We note that the WHO Working Group generating the GIC proposal (http://goo.gl/8JiJi2), and the WHO secretariat, have taken a very different diagnostic approach to persons experiencing developmental processes linked to their sexual orientation. There are currently several diagnoses in ICD-10’s Block F66 (for example sexual maturation disorder and egodystonic sexual orientation) that have the effect of pathologising young people exploring same-sex sexual orientation, incorporating their sexual orientation into their sense of self, learning to express their sexual orientation and dealing with adverse reactions from others. To its credit, the Working Group took the view that developmental processes of this sort – exploration, incorporating, expression and reaction-management in regard to sexual orientation – should not be pathologised. The Group recommended that these diagnoses be removed. The ICD-11 beta draft reflects these recommendations. We are perplexed that the Working Group, and WHO secretariat in preparing the ICD-11 beta draft, have not taken the same approach with young gender diverse children, who engage in similar developmental processes, but linked to gender identity.

  5. We note that the Working Group has recommended that healthcare helping young people who experience discrimination on grounds of their sexual orientation can be provided by way of non-pathologising codes in Chapter 21 of ICD-10 entitled Factors Influencing Health Status and Contact with Health Services. These are the so-called Z Codes in Chapter 21 of ICD-10 (currently Q Codes in the ICD-11 Beta Draft, and placed in Chapter 24). Certain Z Codes may be useful in cases where a person is seeking healthcare for reasons associated with stigma and prejudice. We believe a similar Z Code approach should be taken with gender diverse children below the age of puberty (and their caregivers) who require support from the healthcare system.

An alternative proposal and call to WHO

  1. We note the proposals that arose out of the Civil Society Expert Working Group (https://goo.gl/O1NrbJ) that met in Buenos Aires in April 2013. The meeting was convened by GATE, an international organization focused on promoting trans people’s human rights, including to health. The proposals (GATE, 2013) [Erratum 20160516. Should read, “(https://goo.gl/wuPMkI)”] are for facilitating healthcare for gender diverse children below the age of puberty through the use of Z Codes – in most cases minor amendments of already existing Z Codes. Such Z codes would detail the nature of the support being offered to these children and to the adults responsible for caring for them. These codes could facilitate children’s (and caregivers’) access to supportive counselling and information services, as well as to medical examinations linked to approaching puberty. These codes could also be used to facilitate children’s access to school in authentic (gender affirmative) roles. Finally, in those few cases in which young gender diverse children experience distress of an extent and nature demanding clinical mental health care, these Z Codes could be used as markers, attached to generic diagnoses such as depression or anxiety, signaling that the child’s mental health issues are linked to experiences of discrimination on grounds of their gender diversity (with implications for the sort of care needed).

  2. We take the view that arguments for the GIC diagnosis – for example that it will provide a foundation for research and training – appear flawed. We do not believe that research or training in relation to childhood gender diversity would suffer if there were no GIC diagnosis in ICD-11. We note that research into same sex attraction and relationships has thrived since homosexuality diagnosis was removed from the diagnostic manuals decades ago. We believe too that knowledge about the healthcare needs of gay and lesbian youth is better now than it was when homosexuality was a diagnosis.

  3. We note too that key transgender health and rights organisations worldwide other than GATE have spoken out against this proposal. They include ILGA (International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex association), ILGA-Europe, STP (Stop Trans Pathologization) and TGEU (Transgender Europe). We note also statements arising out of two international meetings examining transgender health, one in Cape Town, South Africa, and the other in Taipei, Taiwan. Finally, we note that the European Parliament in the so called Ferrara Report published in July 2015 called on the European Commission to “intensify efforts to prevent gender variance in childhood from becoming a new ICD diagnosis”. This call was reaffirmed in a European Parliament Resolution passed in September 2015. We are aware of a recent member survey by WPATH that found that a majority of participants were opposed to the proposed diagnosis, with this majority much greater among members outside the USA.

– GATE (https://goo.gl/wuPMkI)
– ILGA (http://ilga.org/)
– ILGA-Europe (http://goo.gl/Z1k636)
– STP (http://goo.gl/oERkcm)
– TGEU (Transgender Europe, http://goo.gl/KRJLlI)
– Cape Town, South Africa (http://goo.gl/vIMwYH)
– Taipei, Taiwan (http://goo.gl/cW4Jxf)
– European Parliament Resolution (http://goo.gl/rBAJRA)
– Member survey by WPATH (http://goo.gl/mAVmgu)

Taking into account all the above, we the undersigned, a group of scholars, researchers and clinicians working in transgender health and rights, call on WHO to abandon the proposed GIC diagnosis and incorporate the use of Z Codes as a means of facilitating and guiding support for gender diverse children below the age of puberty. We commend to WHO the GATE Civil Society Expert Working Group proposal (https://goo.gl/NfdDmg).

Original Signatories

Sam Winter, BSc, PGDE, M.Ed., PhD
Associate Professor, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
Discipline: Psychologist.
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 16.
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 14 years.
Clinical services for gender diverse children: Yes.

Elizabeth Riley BSc, GDCouns, MA(Couns), PhD
Counsellor, Clinical & PhD Supervisor, Trainer, Sydney, Australia
Disciplines: Health Sciences & Counselling
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 18
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 20 years.
Clinical services for gender diverse children: Yes

Simon Pickstone-Taylor, MBChB
Honorary Senior Lecturer, Gender Identity Development Service, Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Discipline: Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist and General Adult Psychiatrist.
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 13.
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 13 years.
Clinical services for gender diverse children: Yes.

Amets Suess, PhD, MA, BA
Researcher, Area of International Health, Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain
Discipline: Sociology, Social Anthropology, Art Therapy, Bioethics
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 14

Kelley Winters, Ph.D.
Gender Diversity Medical Policy Analyst; author, Gender Madness in American Psychiatry: Essays from the Struggle for Dignity (2008)
Discipline: Interdisciplinary scholarship.
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 21.

Lisa Griffin, Ph.D.
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States.
Discipline: Psychologist.
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 21.
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 21.
Clinical services for gender diverse children: Yes.

Diane Ehrensaft, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco
Discipline: Developmental and Clinical Psychologist
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 25
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 30 years.
Clinical services for gender diverse children: Yes.

Darlene Tando, LCSW
Gender Therapist, Private Practice
San Diego, California
United States
Discipline: Licensed Clinical Social Worker
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 10
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 10
Clinical services for gender diverse children: Yes.

Hershel Russell M.Ed, (Couns. Psych)
Registered Psychotherapist,Counsellor, Clinical Supervisor, Trainer, Toronto, Canada
Discipline: Psychotherapist.
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 15.
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 20 years.

Brenda R. Alegre,PhD.
Registered Psychologist and Psychometrician
Assistant Lecturer Faculty of Arts, University of Hong Kong SAR, China
Discipline: Clinical Psychology
Years working in the field of transgender health and rights: 10+ years
Clinical Services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 10+ years
Clinical services for gender diverse children: yes

Griet De Cuypere, M.D. Ph.D.
Former Head of the Gender Team Gent, Belgium
Discipline: Psychiatrist – psychotherapist.
Years working in field of transgender health and rights: 30.
Clinical services offered for transgender people: Yes
Years doing this sort of work: 30 years.

Sign the Letter:

For signing the letter please go to: www.gicrevisited.org
To view current signatories in spreadsheet form, see https://goo.gl/yqta4Q

Press release: Trans community in Thailand voices demands for comprehensive care and respect for human rights

www.facebook.com/weareaptn https://youtu.be/171phOukKAM

www.facebook.com/weareaptn
https://youtu.be/171phOukKAM

 

BANGKOK, Monday 4th April 2016 – Thai trans community healthcare workers, health and rights activists, academics, and representatives from partner organisations gather today in the event “Demanding Care: Transgender Health Discrimination in Thailand” where the video “Demanding Care: Stories of Transgender Healthcare Discrimination in Thailand” is launched and accompanied by a panel “Trans Discrimination and Legal Protection”.  

“I am excited to host this event. Trans health and discrimination issues are of utmost importance in improving Thai society. Thailand should focus on the health and wellbeing of all its citizens, including transgender people”, said Kath Khangpiboon, Chair of the Thai APTN Foundation and co-founder of the Thai Transgender Alliance, addressed participants from Thai trans women and trans men community and partner organisations who gather in support for trans health and rights cause.

The video “Stories of Transgender Healthcare Discrimination in Thailand” showcases 16 transwomen and transmen across Thailand from all walks of life. The storytellers recount their personal struggle of being discriminated as a trans person and their demands to end discrimination against trans people in all forms.

 The panel “Trans Discrimination and Legal Protection” features Jetsada Taesombat (Thai Transgender Alliance), Dr.Nittaya Phanuphak (Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre), Thitiyanun Nakpor (Sister Foundation Pattaya), Kanusnun Dokput (FTM Bangkok), and Ronnapoom Samakkeekarom (Faculty of Public Health, Thammasat University) with Kath Khangpiboon as moderator.

The discussion starts off with Thai Transgender Alliance describing their experience handling trans discrimination and rights violation cases using traditional and social media as well as their approach working with media in gender-sensitive reporting. Next on the panel is Dr. Nittaya, Chief of the Prevention Department at the Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre, who shares her experience in providing comprehensive health services for both trans men and trans women in Bangkok at Tangerine Community Health Care Centre, and recommends good practices for providing non-discriminatory services. The talk then shifts to Thitiyanun from Sister Pattaya, who manages trans community health programs in Pattaya where misconduct from law enforcement impedes the health and lives of trans women and trans sex workers. The moderator then gives floor to Kanusnun from FTM Bangkok to share his experience organizing trans men and his organisation’s work providing healthcare information and peer support for trans men as well as raising public awareness about trans men in Thai society and the visibility of trans men in the gender equality movement. The panel ends with Ronnapoom’s review of the existing legal framework in protecting rights of gender minorities, particularly trans people, citing the Gender Equality Act of 2015, for which he was part of the drafting and motion process.

The event also provided a space for facilitated discussion between participants to share concerns and experiences of discrimination as well as key actions to avoid discriminatory situations, how to engage family and friends as allies in trans activism, and how trans people should be empowered in light of legal protection.

For the video “Stories of Transgender Healthcare Discrimination in Thailand”, please click https://youtu.be/171phOukKAM

For further information:
www.facebook.com/weareaptn

FOR MORE INFORMATION/INTERVIEWS CONTACT:
joe.wong@weareaptn.org

 

 

ข่าวแจกสื่อ (Press Release): ชุมชนคนข้ามเพศร่วมเรียกร้องการปฏิบัติที่เท่าเทียมและบริการสุขภาพแบบรอบด้าน

www.facebook.com/weareaptn https://youtu.be/171phOukKAM

www.facebook.com/weareaptn
https://youtu.be/171phOukKAM

4 เมษายน 2559 – มูลนิธิเอเชียแปซิฟิค ทรานส์เจนเดอร์ เนตเวิร์ (APTN) ร่วมกับเครือข่ายเพื่อนกะเทยไทย จัดงานเสวนา “หยุดการเลือกปฏิบัติต่อคนข้ามเพศ Demanding Care: Transgender Health Discrimination in Thailand” ณ โรงแรมโนโวเทล เพลินจิต โดยภายในงานมีการเปิดตัววิดีโอ “Demanding Care: Stories of Transgender Healthcare Discrimination in Thailand” ซึ่งรวบรวมประสบการณ์ของคนข้ามเพศ ในการถูกเลือกปฏิบัติ และต่อด้วยการเสวนา “เมื่อคนข้ามเพศถูกละเมิด” โดยคณะวิทยากรที่มีความชำนาญประเด็น คนข้ามเพศร่วมแลกเปลี่ยนประสบการณ์

คุณคทาวุธ ครั้งพิบูลย์ ประธานมูลนิธิ APTN และผู้ก่อตั้งเครือข่ายเพื่อนกะเทยไทย เป็นผู้กล่าวเปิดงาน โดยเน้นย้ำถึงความสำคัญของการทำงานสุขภาพของคนข้ามเพศควบคู่กับงานด้านสิทธิมนุษยชน ทุกคน รวมถึงคนข้ามเพศ ควรเข้าถึงบริการสุขภาพและสวัสดิการที่ครอบคลุมทุกด้านอย่างเท่าเทียมกัน งานเสวนามีผู้สนใจ เข้าร่วมกว่า  คนจากชุมชนคนข้ามเพศ นักกิจกรรม คนทำงานด้านสุขภาพ รวมถึงตัวแทนจากองค์กรภาคี ทั้งไทยและต่างประเทศ  

วิดีโอ “Stories of Transgender Healthcare Discrimination in Thailand” รวบรวมเรื่องเล่าของคนข้ามเพศ 16 คนจากพื้นเพที่หลากหลาย ที่ต่างล้วนมีประสบการณ์ถูกกีดกัด ถูกเลือกปฏิบัติเพราะความเป็นคนข้ามเพศ และร่วมกันส่งเสียงเพื่อยุติการเลือกปฏิบัติต่อคนข้ามเพศในทุกมิติ

เวทีเสวนา “เมื่อคนข้ามเพศถูกละเมิด (Trans Discrimination and Legal Protection)” เป็นเวทีร่วมแลกเปลี่ยนประสบการณ์โดยคณะวิทยากรที่มีความเชี่ยวชาญในประเด็นคนข้ามเพศจากหลายมิติ ได้แก่

*คุณเจษฎา แต้สมบัติ เครือข่ายเพื่อนกะเทยไทย*

เล่าถึงสถานการณ์การละเมิดสิทธิคนข้ามเพศในประเทศ ซึ่งยังคงเกิดขึ้นอยู่เป็นประจำแม้จะมีการทำงานสร้าง ความเข้าใจและงานรณรงค์ต่อต้านการกีดกัดและเลือกปฎิบัติด้วยเหตุแห่งเพศสภาพก็ตาม เครือข่ายเพื่อนกะเทยไทย ทำงานสื่อสารประเด็นคนข้ามเพศผ่านสื่อสาธารณะและโซเชี่ยลมีเดีย รวมถึงการสื่อสารผ่านเวทีวิชาการ/กึ่งวิชาการ ต่างๆ สังคมไทยเข้าใจสิทธิมนุษยชนของคนข้ามเพศมากขึ้นกว่าแต่ก่อนแต่ก็ยังมีการเลือกปฏิบัติอยู่ในหลายพื้นที่ เช่น ศาสนา ต้วเลือกในการทำงาน การศึกษา

*พญ.นิตยา ภานุภาค พึ่งพาพงศ์ ศูนย์วิจัยโรคเอดส์ สภากาชาดไทย*

เล่าประสบการณ์การจัดบริการสุขภาพสำหรับหลายกลุ่มประชากรที่ต้องบูรณาการความละเอียดอ่อนเรื่องเพศเข้าไปด้วย สำหรับบริการสุขภาพสำหรับคนข้ามเพศต้องจัดให้เหมาะสมกับความต้องการเฉพาะ เช่น การบำบัดด้วยฮอร์โมน การตรวจ 3 ช่องทาง การวางนโยบายสุขภาพสำหรับกลุ่มประชากรใดๆต้องอาศัยกระบวนการรับฟังความคิดเห็น เพื่อให้นโยบายและแนวปฏิบัตินำไปใช้ได้จริงและผู้รับบริการพึงพอใจ

*คุณฐิติญานันท์ หนักป้อ มูลนิธิซิสเตอร์*

ให้มุมมองต่อการตีตราและเลือกปฏิบัติคนข้ามเพศ ว่าคือการปฏิบัติต่อคนข้ามเพศด้วยความไม่เท่าเทียมบนอคติ แห่งเพศ ช่องว่างของการทำงานสุขภาพคนข้ามเพศกับงานสิทธิคือการแยกทำงานแบบแยกส่วน และคนทำงาน สุขภาพมักให้ความสำคัญกับงานสิทธิเป็นลำดับรองลงมา จากประสบการณ์การทำงานในพื้นที่พัทยา พบว่าการสร้าง ความเข้าใจร่วมกับกับตำรวจ ผู้นำท้องถิ่นและองค์กรของรัฐจะช่วยให้การทำงานสุขภาพกะเทย/สาวประเภทสอง ก้าวหน้ามากขึ้น

*คุณคาณัสนันท์ ดอกพุฒ FTM Bangkok*

แลกเปลี่ยนประสบการณ์การรวมกลุ่มของผู้ชายข้ามเพศ การรวบรวมและเผยแพร่ชุดความรู้ด้านสุขภาพสำหรับ ผู้ชายข้ามเพศ และร่วมงานขับเคลื่อนสิทธิทางเพศในระดับชาติ รวมถึงการสื่อสารสังคมประเด็นผู้ชายข้ามเพศ เพื่อสร้างความเข้าใจและลดอคติ

*อาจารย์รณภูมิ สามัคคีคารมย์ คณะสาธารณสุขศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์*

เล่าถึงปัญหาการละเมิดคนข้ามเพศที่มีการร้องเรียนเข้ามา เช่น การเกณฑ์ทหาร การถูกปฏิเสธบริการ พรบ.ความเท่าเทียมระหว่างเพศ พ.ศ.2558 ได้ให้ความคุ้มครองการเลือกปฏิบัติโดยไม่เป็นธรรมด้วยเหตุแห่งเพศ โดยมีกลไกรับเรื่องร้องเรียน กลไกการระงับมิให้มีการเลือกปฏิบัติและแนวทางการชดเชยเยียวยาผู้เสียหาย อุปสรรค ของการทำงานต้านการละเมิดสิทธิคนข้ามเพศมีหลายระดับ คนข้ามเพศส่วนใหญ่ไม่รู้สิทธิของตนและเมื่อถูกละเมิด ไม่รู้ว่าจะต้องทำอย่างไร  

เวทีเสวนาได้เปิดโอกาสให้ผู้เข้าร่วมได้ซักถามวิทยากร และแลกเปลี่ยนข้อคิดเห็นต่อประเด็นที่ได้มีการพูด คุยบนเวที รวมถึงเสนอแนวทางเพื่อลด/ยุติการเลือกปฏิบัติต่อคนข้ามเพศ การสร้างการมีส่วนร่วมของครอบครัว เพื่อน ของคนข้ามเพศในการขับเคลื่อนประเด็นสิทธิคนข้ามเพศ และการสร้างความเข้มแข็งให้กับชุมชนคนข้ามเพศในงาน คุ้มครองสิทธิ

ลิ้งค์วิดีโอ “Stories of Transgender Healthcare Discrimination in Thailand” https://youtu.be/171phOukKAM

ท่านสามารถติดตามกิจกรรมและข่าวสารอื่นๆของมูลนิธิเอเชียแปซิฟิค ทรานส์เจนเดอร์ เนตเวิร์ค (APTN) ได้ทางเฟซบุ๊ค https://www.facebook.com/WeAreAPTN

ติดต่อสอบถามข้อมูล
joe.wong@weareaptn.org

 

 

For immediate release: Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR)
19 November 2015, Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN), Bangkok, Thailand

The International Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR), which occurs annually on 20 November, is a day to memorialize the transgender men and women who have lost their lives to hate crimes and violence during the previous year. TDoR is also serves to highlight and bring public attention to anti-transgender violence and murder, to publicly mourn the violence inflicted on our community and the lives of the people we have lost, and to remind cisgender people that we are their siblings, children, parents, friends, and lovers.

Violence against transgender people continues to increase year by year. The Global Trans Murder Monitoring Project (http://www.tgeu.org/tmm) has identified 155 such killings across 16 countries in Asia between January 2008 and December 2014. There were a further two transgender people killed in both the Pacific and Australia, and one in New Zealand. These reported cases represent a fraction of such alleged hate crimes, due to family cover-up of a victim’s transgender identity, police misgendering of a body, and difficulty with correcting gender on legal documentation. The highest numbers of identified deaths were in India (48), the Philippines (35), Pakistan (22), and Thailand (14). The per capita rate of reported killings is particularly high in the Philippines, where civil society groups actively monitor such murders, including the high-profile killing of transgender woman Jennifer Laude on 11 October 2014.

In a climate of criminalisation, where law enforcement agencies themselves perpetrate violence with impunity, it is not surprising that violence against transgender people is underreported and inadequately investigated. In this region and globally, transgender organisations have attempted to monitor the most extreme forms of violence: when transgender people have been killed because of their gender identity. This violence remains invisible and unreported when States do not legislate against family violence and leave families to enforce social norms, standards of respectability, and morality.

The collection and dissemination of anti-transgender violence and murder statistics is conducted by Transgender Europe (TGEU) at www.tgeu.org/tmm and at www.tdor.info


This year, the Asia Pacific Transgender Network has released a Transgender Day of Remembrance Media Toolkit and terminology resource to guide the media to a fair and inclusive coverage and reporting on transgender people. The TDoR Media Toolkit can be downloaded here or at http://www.weareaptn.org/publication

Enquires

Joe Wong
Programme Manager
joe.wong@weareaptn.org             
+66 92 502 8428

Natt Kraipet
Network Coordinator

natt.kraipet@weareaptn.org
+66 82 653 3999