Links to country-specific Terms of Reference available at end of page.
Many trans people across the region have a strong sense of pride in their identity. Unfortunately they also share common negative experiences of discrimination. These experiences include the extent of invisibility, isolation and exclusion from families, schools, the formal workforce and mainstream economy, and from recognition as equal citizens. High levels of stigma and discrimination and very few legal protections push trans people to the margins of society, including a narrow range of often exploitative, underpaid and insecure jobs.
Thailand, Vietnam and Philippines is three of the countries participating in a discrimination research undertaken by APTN, UNDP and the Curtin University, as part of the Being LGBTI in Asia initiative. This project aims to build on the body of evidence already provided in the Being LGBTI in Asia project, measuring discrimination directly, and on a large scale. Generating firmer evidence base in the area of discrimination for legislative and public policy reform is of benefit to trans people region-wide.
In this region, the words transgender and trans are each used frequently as an umbrella term to describe people whose gender identity is different from their assigned sex at birth. This includes many culturally specific third gender identities in this region. APTN uses the following definition of the term “trans/transgender,” which is based on discussions held at a regional consultation in Manila in 2012: Persons who identify themselves in a different gender than that assigned to them at birth. They may express their identity differently to that expected of the gender role assigned to them at birth. Trans/transgender persons often identify themselves in ways that are locally, socially, culturally, religiously, or spiritually defined.
A research assistant in each country will responsible for working collaboratively with APTN and the Curtin University Research Team undertaking the discrimination research.
The Asia Pacific Transgender Network is a transgender-led not-for-profit regional network and its purpose is to manage knowledge, shape the agenda, promote dialogue, convene and facilitate action on issues of discrimination and violence, legal and social protections, health and human rights for transgender people in Asia and the Pacific. The organization addresses transgender specific issues including vulnerability to gender-based violence, stigma and discrimination, risks for HIV infection, and health issues stemming from almost complete lack of access to appropriate health and medical care. APTN works towards a vision of a world free of gender stigma, discrimination and marginalization, in which everyone has equal life opportunities, regardless of their gender identity or sexuality.
Click on links below for country specific Terms of Reference.