Meaning of Transgender
The term transgender refers to a wide range of identities and identity-based communities within the transgender population, rather than describing a speciﬁc identity or cultural classiﬁcation. The term trans*people is also used, following the practice of organizations such as GATE - Global Action for Trans* - Equality.
World Health Organisation
The WHO definition of transgender is: “Persons who identify themselves in a different gender rather than that assigned to them at birth. They may express their identity differently to that expected of the gender role assigned to them at birth. Transgender persons often identify themselves in ways that are locally, socially, culturally, religiously, or spiritually defined.”
The concepts of gender identity and transgender identity are not the same as sexual orientation. Sexual orientation describes an individual's enduring physical, romantic, emotional, and/or spiritual attraction to another person, while gender identity is one's personal sense of being a man or a woman.
Transgender people have more or less the same variety of sexual orientations as cisgender people. In wider society transgender people are often falsely perceived as one homogeneous community, whereas in reality they represent a range of diverse gender identities. Within the community, there is debate about whether the WHO definition of transgender is broad enough; whether or not it should include drag performers; and whether it encompasses religious or cultural identities as opposed to social identities, e.g., hijras in India.